Sahara Territory


Northern Sudan map.

Total area: +/- 2505000 km2.
Saharan area: +/- 1000000 km2 (40%).
Lowest point: 0 meters (sea level).
Highest northern point: 3088 meters (Jebel Marra).
Highest southern point: 3187 meters (Kinyeti).

Climate in Sudan is represented by three different areas: the Sahara desert in the north, the arid savannah known as Sahel in the center, and the fertile savannah in the south. In the saharan region, the area west of the Nile is called the Libyan Desert while the area east of the Nile is called the Nubian Desert. The relief of Sudan is predominantly flat, having important mountainous massifs only on the Nubian Desert and the Darfur region. The Nile and its numerous tributaries irrigate a major part of the country.

The images below show two views of the Jebel Kissu (1640 meters) located in the north-western corner of Sudan, next to the libyan border and the Uwaynat mountains. The prominence of this isolated mountain is around 1000 meters above surrounding terrain.

Satellite view of Jebel Kissu. A view of Jebel Kissu.

In the images below, two details of the sudanese desert. In the left image, a detail of the Libyan Desert that shows how the sand is pushed towards the south-west by effect of the harmattan winds, adopting diverse patterns and forms within and outside the rocks. In the right image, a crater in the Nubian Desert mountains, located 50 km east-south-east of Kosha. Craters or calderas are numerous in the sudanese mountainous massifs.

Satellite detail view of the Lybian Desert. Satellite view of a crater in the Nubian Desert.

In the eastern Sahara, the Nile is the center of life since it is truly the most formidable oasis existing in the world. The density of population along the Nile is unparalleled in any existing desert. The Nile was the origin of important civilizations and even today every egyptian and sudanese important town lies in the border of this river, perhaps the largest river in the world which crosses the biggest desert in the world. On the image below, a detail view of Marawi town.

Satellite detail view of Marawi town and the Nile.

The Malha mountains form a small volcanic massif located in the Darfur region. This massif is notable for its numerous calderas, that hold some degree of humidity inside them, allowing the growth of some trees, as shown in the left image, or even accumulated water in the form of gueltas, as shown in the right image.

Satellite detail view of a caldera in the Malha mountains. Satellite detail view of a caldera in the Malha mountains.

Sudan Ethnography


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:: Sahara Territory by Sakhal 2011-2014 ::