Sahara Territory


The two pictures below show examples of targui jewelry. The houmaissa is an amulet made with triangle and diamond-shaped motifs or pieces. The touareg women give them to their daughters when they reach womanhood. Triangle-shaped elements are typical of targui jewelry, as the left image states. Targui, and overall berber jewelry, is generally ostentatious, as the right image shows. The bracelets and rings are spectacularly immoderate.

Triangular elements are typical in targui jewelry. Ostentious, immoderate bracelets and rings.

The left image shows a houmaissa pendant in detail. The right image shows two tcherot amulets from Niger. These talisman boxes are usually worn on necklaces by women and on turbans by men. They contain verses of the Quran and were worn as protective amulets for fertility and strength.

Houmaissa pendant. Tcherot amulets.

The following image shows diverse examples of targui jewelry. From left to right and from top to bottom:

A necklace and a hair ornament, made from silver and glass beads; a necklace and earrings, made from silver and glass beads; a necklace and cross earrings, made from silver and glass beads; a necklace with the amulet known as "Fatima's Hand", worn only by women; a bracelet and three rings made from silver; an ornament worn behind the head by women, made from silver, copper and iron.

Several pieces of targui jewelry.

The following image is an old photo taken around 1960, that shows a toubou woman from Tibesti mountains wearing abundant jewelry made from silver. Typical elements of the muslim tradition are visible, as the crescents and Fatima's hands.

Toubou woman wearing silver jewelry.

The two pictures below show examples of the exuberant berber jewelry from northern Sahara. Chains, little bells, sleigh bells, coins, beads and huge earrings, are all present around the women heads.

Berber jewelry. Berber jewelry.

The following images show a collection of traditional jewelry made in Egypt. From top to botton and left to right:

Two sets of earrings (aqrat) and a necklace ('iqd); a set of earrings (aqrat), a necklace ('iqd) and four nose rings; a necklace ('iqd) and a hummusa necklace ('iqd); a zaytuna necklace ('iqd), an 'arusa necklace ('iqd) and a bracelet (iswara); a necklace ('iqd) and two bangles. These pieces are from Upper Egypt.

Four sets of earrings (aqrat); a set of bracelets (iswara), including a circumcision bracelet; an amulet (higab) and an ornament. These pieces are from Nubia region (southern Egypt).

Ten nose rings; three bracelets (iswara) and a necklace ('iqd); a pectoral; head ornaments, hair pins and a veil ornament. These pieces are from Eastern Desert or Sinai.

A set of earrings (aqrat) and two nose rings; a choker and discs; a set of earrings (aqrat); two necklaces ('iqd); eight rings (jatim); a necklace ('iqd), a set of earrings (aqrat), a pendant and a bracelet (iswara); two bracelets (iswara) and a pectoral; a necklace ('iqd) and a set of earrings (aqrat). These pieces are from Western Desert.

Please note that these elements are not at an exact scale within their set, since they have been taken from individual photos and arranged together.

Traditional jewelry made in Upper Egypt.

Traditional jewelry made in Nubia region.

Traditional jewelry made in Eastern Desert.

Traditional jewelry made in Western Desert.


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