Sahara Territory

:: DRESS ::

The pictures below show examples of traditional targui dress, which usually is made with cotton.

In the left image, a couple of aristocratic touareg from Tassili-n-Ajjer, with amulets hanging in their necklaces. Their white robes make a beautiful contrast with their other clothes dyed with indigo blue. Touareg turbans frequently are dyed with indigo blue; the touareg were called in the past "the blue men" because of their faces that were stained by the indigo blue that passed from their turbans and their traditional veil, called litham. Women's head mantles are always dyed with indigo, and they frequently have their hands stained with the indigo dye.

Blue robes and white turbans are also frequent in the targui dressing.

The right image shows a portrait of the legendary targui queen, Tin Hinan. The queen is dressed with a bright shirt and head mantle dyed with indigo. Touareg women do not wear turban; they traditionally use a head mantle and have their faces uncovered.

Touareg with aristocratic dressing. Tin Hinan, queen of the touareg.

The image below to the left is an old photo taken around 1960, that shows a toubou woman from northern Niger wearing a fantastic golden lame decorated with intrincate decorative motifs. The image to the right shows the same woman, probably some years before. It was a happy coincidence to find this one!

Toubou woman wearing a golden lame. Toubou people.

The following pictures show feminine dresses and accessories made in Egypt. The dresses are richly decorated with complex and colorful embroideries, tassels, trinkets, chains, coins and many other diverse ornaments.

In the left image, from left to right, we have a mantle called tarha from the Western Desert, a bedu dress called gallabiyya from the Eastern Desert or Sinai, which is complimented with the traditional veil called higab and a mantle, and finally another dress called gallabiyya or fustan from the Upper Egypt.

In the right picture, we have in the sides two gallabiyya dresses from the Eastern Desert or Sinai, and in the center, a bride dress (fustan) from the Western Desert, complimented with a mantle (tarha), a veil (higab), a disc, a necklace ('iqd) and bride shoes (hidá).

In the bottom image, two fustan dresses. The red one, ornamented with numerous coins, comes from the Western Desert, while the blue one is from the Upper Egypt.

Traditional dresses made in Egypt. Traditional dresses made in Egypt.

Traditional dresses made in Egypt.

In the following images, from left to right, a mob-cap for unmarried women and three higab veils. These veils, used by bedouin women, are remarkable for the amount of metal pieces that decorate them, in the form of coins, chains and other elements. These pieces come from the Eastern Desert or Sinai.

Traditional bedouin veils made in Egypt. Traditional bedouin veils made in Egypt.

In the following image, from left to right, wooden home shoes (qubqab) from Cairo, bride shoes (hidá) and boots from the Western Desert.

Traditional women shoes made in Egypt.


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