:: SITEMAP ::

Sahara Territory



:: TUNISIA ETHNOGRAPHY ::

Southern Tunisia map.

Total population: +/- 10,5 millions.
Saharan population: +/- 4 millions (38%).
Total population density: 64 hab/km2.
Saharan population density: 36 hab/km2.
Ethnics: 98% of Arab-Berbers, 1% Berbers in the south and 1% Europeans in the north.
Languages: Arabic, Berber, French and Italian.
Religions: 98% Islamic, 1% Christian and 1% Hebraic and Animist.
Life expectancy: 75 years.

Tunisia is a country of the Maghreb.

The historical heritage of Tunisia comes from the Punics, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs and Turks, and remains present through numerous monuments and ruins. This was the place where the Carthaginian Empire settled and controlled the commerce going across the Mediterranean Sea, disputed with the Roman Empire. In the most recent times, Tunisia has been the most capitalist country of northern Africa and tourism is a very important source of income for its economy, a characteristic shared with Egypt and Morocco.

Gafsa, big town of the desert, is a mixture between the modern wide boulevards and the backstreets that form a network within the traditional cubic houses. Nowadays its population reaches over 110000 inhabitants and the phosphate extraction industry in the Djerid region has its epicenter in this town. An international airport is present next to the town to the east.

A view of Gafsa.

The vintage photograph to the left was taken in the oasis of Tamerza, located 75 kilometers west of Gafsa and next to the first mountains of the Atlas range. It shows the ochre walls of the old citadel lying in ruins, shortly after being destroyed by an inundation in 1969 and therefore abandoned. The photograph to the right is a satellite view of the same place taken some decades after, showing a new palm garden behind the ruins. The Hotel Tamerza, not visible in the image, was built at the side opposite to the ruins.

View of the ancient village of Tamerza. Satellite view of the village of Tamerza.

A laundry in the oasis of Nafta. The dam which was built to gather and spread efficiently the water flowing from the 150 sources of the oasis in Nafta allowed the creation of laundries where women could wash.














Left image: these granaries, called ghorfas, were built in the past by the Berbers, who excavated them in the rocks to render them better protected. Nowadays they are abandoned or used as habitations.

Right image: 16 kilometers west of Tatahouine, the old Berber town of Chenini possesses a white mosque and many houses which are placed half excavated on the rocks.

Ancient granaries known as ghorfas. Old mosque in Chenini.

An old colored photograph showing a young Berber woman from Tunisia. The Berbers, native inhabitants of the African Mediterranean coast, were displaced to the south by the Arab invasion two centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire. Hence the Berbers had to adapt to the harsh life on the desert, adopting nomadism as their lifestyle and camels as their transport animals. Formerly christianized by the Romans, the Berbers would be forced to conversion to Islam and to take part on the subsequent invasion of the Iberian Peninsula during the early 8th century.

A young Berber woman from Tunisia.

Tunisia Geography



:: SITEMAP ::

:: Privacy Policy ::

:: Sahara Territory by Sakhal 2011-2014 ::