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:: Introduction ::

:: Tassili des Ajjer :: :: Ahaggar :: :: Adrar des Iforas ::

:: Air :: :: Tenere :: :: Tibesti :: :: Ennedi ::

:: Appendix ::

:: Sahara Territory ::


Introduction: an insight into the Sahara circumstances

Saharan tourism seems an increasing trend in the last decades. In the 1960s the pioneers were some photographers that traveled through the deep saharan lands and brought to the developed world those classic and interesting four-color photographs of those lands that only colonialist soldiers and a few more people had seen before.

In the decades after the colonialists gave the independence to the saharan countries, many conflicts and problems plagued these lands. Algeria suffered from a civil war which still was active in the last 1990s. Chad engaged in war with Libya in the 1970s and with Sudan just a few years ago. Niger and Mali are problematic because of tribal rebellions and fundamentalism.

Of the four countries which are mentioned in this study, Algeria is the most developed one, while Chad, Niger and Mali are seriously underdeveloped. Algeria seems more stable in those recent times, and it should be safer to visit than sahelian countries like the forementioned Chad, Niger and Mali. In these countries, weapons are abundant and out of control; weapons and underdevelopment is a bad mixture. Rebels, bandits and fundamentalists roam in these lands, and the travelers are in risk to be captured or even killed. Also landmines, bitter reminder of the many conflicts suffered, are present in some areas. Policial and military corruption is also frequent as a consequence of the generalized poverty.

Traditionally, life has been nomadic in the Sahara. In Algeria, nomadism is today almost extinguished; most of the touareg people live now in the southern towns and work in the oil extraction industry or as touristic guides. In Chad, Niger and Mali, nomadic life is still extended, because of underdevelopment. The touareg people is predominant in the desertic regions in Mali and western/central Niger, while in eastern Niger and Chad the population living in the desert is composed mainly from the toubou ethnicity.

Sahara satellite view.

Central Sahara satellite view.



Central Sahara satellite view.

Algeria

Illizi (10300 hab in 1998) is the capital town of Illizi wilaya.

Djanet (9300 hab in 1998) is an important town in Illizi wilaya.

Adrar Afao (2254 m) is the highest mountain in Tassili des Ajjer plateau.

Tamanrasset (73000 hab in 2002) is the capital town of Tamanrasset wilaya.

Garet El Djenoun (2327 m) is a high mountain located in northern Ahaggar massif (Teffedest).

Mount Tahat (2918 m) is located in the Ahaggar massif and is the highest elevation in Algeria.

Assekrem (2780 m) is a high elevation located in the Ahaggar massif (Atakor), 13 km east of Mount Tahat.

Mali

Kidal (33000 hab in 2009) is the capital town of Kidal province.

Niger

Iferouane (5000 hab in 2007) is an important oasis village located in the Air mountains.

Timia is an oasis village located in the Air mountains.

Agadez (78000 hab in 2001) is the capital town of Agadez province.

Mount Greboun (1944 m) is a high elevation located in northern Air mountains.

Mount Baguezane (2000 m) is a high elevation located in southern Air mountains.

Fachi (2000 hab) is an oasis village located in the Erg of Tenere.

Bilma (2500 hab) is an oasis village located in the Erg of Tenere.

Seguedine is an oasis village located in the Erg of Tenere.

Djado is an abandoned oasis village located next to the southern border of the Djado plateau.

Chirfa (500 hab) is a small village located 8 km south-east of Djado oasis.

Chad

Zouar is an oasis village located in the Tibesti mountains.

Bardai (1500 hab) is an oasis village located in the Tibesti mountains.

Aozou is an oasis village located in the Tibesti mountains.

Tarso Tousside (3265 m) is a high elevation located in the Tibesti mountains.

Tarso Emissi (2650 m) is a high elevation located in the Tibesti mountains.

Emi Koussi (3415 m) is located in the Tibesti mountains and is the highest elevation in the Sahara.

Faya Largeau (14000 hab in 2008) is the capital town of Borkou province.

Fada (23000 hab in 2005) is the capital town of Ennedi province.



:: Sitemap ::

:: Introduction ::

:: Tassili des Ajjer :: :: Ahaggar :: :: Adrar des Iforas ::

:: Air :: :: Tenere :: :: Tibesti :: :: Ennedi ::

:: Appendix ::

:: Sahara Territory ::






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